BBG Submarine Fiber Cable System Starts Operation


The Bay of Bengal Gateway (BBG) submarine fiber optic cable system that links Malaysia to the United Arab Emirates has started its operation. The 8,040 kilometers long submarine system connecting South East and South Asian countries to Middle East Asia will handle the bandwidth demands of emerging technologies and applications. The connection of traffic to BBG is achieved by using either the 10 Gbps or 100 Gbps interface. BBG uses a three optical fiber pair cable and is based on 100G DWDM coherent technology with an overall design capacity of 10 Tbps per fiber pair.

The BBG is a submarine fiber optic communications cable built to provide a direct trunk connection between Barka in Oman and Penang in Malaysia with four branches to Fujairah (UAE), Mumbai (India), Colombo (Sri Lanka), and Chennai (India). The project was carried out by a consortium that includes Vodafone, Omantel, Etisalat, Reliance Jio Infocomm, Dialog, and Telekom Malaysia. Construction of the cable system started in May 2013 and was completed in 2014. The cable system connects to Singapore from Penang using a terrestrial cable.

The length of the submarine fiber cable system is 5934 km from Barka to Penang. The length that branches to Fujairah is 216 km. The Mumbai branch has 426 km and the Colombo branch has 142 km. The Chennai branch of 1322 km makes a total length of 8040 km. The BBG submarine cable system has a design capacity of 55 TB per second.

The BBG fiber optic cable system is a high-speed transmission bridge between Europe, Middle East, Central Asia, and the Far East, with Singapore being a major cable hub with connections into to the Far East and Barka in Oman with submarine and terrestrial connections to Europe, Africa, and the GCC. The cable system lands at Barka in Oman, Penang in Malaysia, Fujairah in UAE, Mumbai, and Chennai in India, Mount Lavinia in Sri Lanka and finally, it has a land cable connection to Singapore.


The Submarine fiber optic cable built by Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks is with submerged Repeaters, submarine branching units, and reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers and is based on 100Gdense wavelength division multiplexing coherent Technology, utilizing wavelength add/drop branching units along the route. The Coherent Technology used on the system mainly consists of four major elements: high order amplitude/phase modulation, polarization multiplexing, coherent detection using a local oscillator laser in the receiver, and high-speed ADCs and sophisticated digital signal processing in the receiver, 100G Coherent Technology can overcome various fiber impairments, such as chromatic dispersion (CD) and polarization mode dispersion(PMD).

The cable is owned by a group of global telecom operators such as Dialog Axiata of Sri Lanka, Etisalat of the United Arab Emirates, Omantel of Sultanate of Oman, Reliance Jio Infocomm of India, Telekom Malaysia Berhad of Malaysia, and Vodafone of United Kingdom.

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