The new communication cable system will connect Europe and the Middle East, passing through Russia and Iran. The cables that will be laid to make the communication network will be a combination of terrestrial and submarine fiber optic cables. European countries and Iran could be covered with the proposed terrestrial fiber optic cables. The sea between Iran and Oman has to be covered with the laying of undersea fiber optic cables.
Vodacom announced its intention to deploy fiber optic cables by itself and for its own use in Mozambique. This is against the policies that are being initiated by the telecommunication regulatory authority in Mozambique, which asks the competitors to share their network so that investment in telecom infrastructure could be effectively utilized. However the South African mobile phone company Vodacom operating in Mozambique has rejected the recommendations from the Mozambican regulatory body, the INCM (National Communications institute of Mozambique) that basic infrastructure should be shared between telecommunications operators, and instead it is pushing ahead with its own network of fiber-optic cables.
The small gap in the fiber optic link between South Africa and Mozambique has now been closed. Fiber optic cables crossing Mozambique and South Africa border has been installed and commissioned. People are looking to see whether Telkom SA (South Africa) offers rates that are sufficiently cheap to be competitive with satellite, something it has not offered Lesotho and Namibia’s incumbent telecom operators.