FLY-LION III Lands in Mayotte

The consortium members of the FLY-LION III (Lower Indian Ocean Network) submarine cable system has completed the deployment of a new submarine fiber optic cable. The 400 km long new link owned by a consortium in which Orange is a partner, connects Moroni in Grande Comore and Mamoudzou in Mayotte.

Apart from Orange, the consortium includes partners, Société Réunionnaise du Radiotéléphonie and Comores Câbles.

FLY-LION III is part of a conglomeration of submarine cable systems in the Indian Ocean named as Lower Indian Ocean Network (LION) is a submarine communications cable network that connects Madagascar, Réunion, and Mauritius. Orange Marine was selected to deploy the cable system.

The LION is 1,000 kilometers long, which is designed to deliver up to 1.28 Tbps. The LION cable system is linked to the SAFE in order to provide connectivity to Europe and other destinations., LION cable system, once linked and put into operation to the EASSy and The East African Marine System (TEAMs) would provide connectivity to the East African countries.

FLY-LION III cable system will enhance the connectivity in the Indian Ocean by opening a new route to connect Mayotte to the global internet and a direct connection to Grande Comore. Orange Marine, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Orange group, is responsible for laying the cable.

The landing stations in Kaweni (Mamoudzou) and Moroni, FLY-LION III provides new diversification solutions for submarine telecommunications infrastructure and provides greater security in the event of outages in the zone.

FLY-LION3 will also link to existing submarine fiber optic systems in the region, LION2 and EASSy, offering a direct connection to the east coast of Africa.

The LION Cable system has landing points at

Toamasina, Toamasina Province, Atsinanana Region, Madagascar

Sainte Marie, Saint-Denis Arrondissement, Réunion

Terre Rouge, Pamplemousses District, Mauritius

The LION II submarine cable network, which spans 2700 km connects the LION I network to Mayotte and Mombasa, Kenya. The LION II Cable System enables a short-cut cable route to the Middle East and Europe, thus shortening latency between servers.

LION IIwas launched in April 2012. In July 2017 and Orange announced the construction of FLY-LION III, as a 400km-extension of LION I and II. The capacity of FLY-LION III was planned to be 4 Tbps.

The LION project was announced in March 2008, and the idea was to construct a new submarine cable to connect the Southeast African islands. The project was financed by a consortium made up of Orange Madagascar, Mauritius Telecom and France Telecom S.A..The LION project cost was estimated at US$37 million. The Mauritius Telecom group has reportedly invested 10.8 million in the project.

The LION I Cable System was inaugurated in March 2010, which digitized the region, and paved the way for the development of an outsourcing economy.

The FLY-LION III cable has 4 fibers (2 pairs) and the system utilizes DWDM technology and each fiber pair can carry 20 channels, each with 100Gbps. So a fiber pair can carry a maximum transmission capacity of 2 Tbps (20 x 100 G = 2000 Gbps or 2 Tbps). Hence a total of 4 Tbps can be transmitted on FLY-LION III.

Orange has invested or participated in the following submarine cable projects in the Indian Ocean:

• EASSy cable running along the east coast of Africa.

• SAT3-WASC-SAFE connecting Mauritius and Reunion Island to Asia via Malaysia and to Europe via South Africa and the Atlantic coast of Africa.

• LION (Lower Indian Ocean Network) which directly connects Orange Madagascar to the global high-speed broadband network via Reunion Island and Mauritius. LION 2, which extends LION to Kenya, provides an initial connection to Mayotte and diversifies and secures the routes to Reunion and Mauritius.

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Author: Thomas Mathew

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