When it comes to layer 3 switch and routers, many networking beginners may be confused about the two terms, because they all use IP packets, check the destination address and pass packets according to the routing rules. In terms of these aspects, they are the same. But in fact, they are different in many ways. Layer 3 switch vs router, what’s the difference?
What Is Layer 3 Switch?
While, layer 3 switch is a product of technology to improve on routers that used in large local area networks (LANs), such as corporate intranets. The most important purpose of the layer 3 switch is to speed up the data exchange within the large LAN. And its routing function is also for this purpose. It can be routed once and forwarded many times.
What Is a Router?
Performing the traffic directing on the internet, the router is a networking device, which forwards data packets between computer networks. Data (like emails or web pages) sent through the internet, is in the form of data packets.
Layer 3 Switch VS Router: What’s the Difference
The hardware technology used to build the unit of layer 3 switches and routers is different. Merging that of traditional switches and routers, the hardware inside a layer 3 switch replaces some of a router’s software logic with hardware to promote performance in some situations. But layer 3 switch vs router, what are the differences between a router and a Layer 3 switch?
- Flexibility-Mixing and matching layer 2 and layer 3 switching by layer 3 switches are allowed, which means that a layer 3 switch can be configured as a layer 2 switch to operate.
- The density of port-Compared to routers, the port count of the layer 3 switches is higher, while the port density router is lower than that of the layer 3 switches.
- Hardware/Software decision making-The hardware technology which is used to making forwarding decision is the key difference between layer 3 switches and routers. The hardware technology used in layer 3 switches is ASIC to forward decision while the hardware technology used in routers is the software logic.
- Cost-Compared to routers, layer 3 switches have higher cost performance. Generally, high-performance routers are usually much more expensive than the layer 3 switches.
Layer 3 Switch VS Router: When to Use Each
Now let’s look into the scenario where to use layer 3 switches and router.
- If you need more throughput and direct access, a layer 3 switch is the best choice.
- If your Hub rooms need to be connected, and an L3 decision need to be made, besides, direct server form connectivity requires more Ethernet interfaces, then you can use a switch.
- If you want to connect an ISP directly for providing internet, to deploy a router is best.
- If tunnels between your different offices (securely connecting 2 offices over public internet) need to be built, then you need a router.
After explaining the layer 3 switches and routers above, I think you’ve had some knowledge of layer 3 switch vs router. To put it simply, they have the same functions, but each has its own advantages and disadvantages. In general, the layer 3 switch is mainly used in LAN environment, and routers are used in WAN environment.